The quality of love that lives in the heart of the righteous includes all of creation, and does not exclude any nation or people. Even Amalek is only “erased from under the heaven” but the refining it too can return to its good source, which is higher than the heavens, and is included in the exalted love for everything.

Yet, it requires great power and purity for this unification.

Rav Avraham Yitschak HaKohen Kook


23 June 2010

An incident, known as the Mortara Affair, began in Bologna, 1858. Edgardo Mortara, a seven year old Jewish boy, was kidnapped by the Roman Catholic Church on the pretext that a servant girl claimed that she had baptized him. The pope, Pious IX, refused to surrender him despite many protests. The combination of the Damascus affair and this affair led to unification among many Jews and later to the establishment of the Alliance Israelite.