The word of God came to me:
Go and call, in Jerusalem’s ears, “So says God,
‘I remember the kindness of your youth,
Your love as a bride,
When you followed me into the desert,
Into an unsown land.
Israel is holy to God;
The choice of His produce.
All who would consume him will be ashamed,
Evil will befall them'”
Says God.

Jeremiah 2:1-4

~~~

2 July in History

In 1944, as the Red Army closed in on the Lithuanian city of Vilna, the Germans seized 1800 Jews from their work in the factories and took them to Ponar where they were shot.

3 July in History

Idaho joins the Union becoming the 43rd star on the Star Spangled Banner (1890). Despite a comparatively small Jewish population, Idaho was the first state to elect a Jew as Governor. On his second try for the top spot Moses Alexander was elected in 1914. He served from 1915 until 1919. A German immigrant, Alexander had previously been elected Mayor of Boise. Alexander was not casual about his Jewish identity. His wife was a Jew by choice, having converted when she married Alexander.

20 Tammuz in History

Rabbi Avraham Chaim Na’eh (1890-1954) was born in Hebron to Rabbi Menachem Mendel Na’eh, a Lubavitcher chassid and dean of the Magen Avot, a yeshiva founded by the S’dei Chemed. With the outbreak of World War One, the Turks, who controlled the Land of Israel at the time, expelled anyone who was not a Turkish citizen. Most of the exiled Jews, including Rabbi Avraham Chaim, gathered in Alexandria, Egypt.

During his time there, Rabbi Avraham Chaim founded Yeshivat Eretz Yisrael and wrote the halachic work Shenot Chaim, a concise digest of halachah for Sephardic Jews. In 1918, he returned to Palestine to work for the Edah HaChareidit (a prominent Orthodox communal organization), under Rabbi Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld.

Rabbi Na’eh best known for his halachic works Ketzot ha-Shulchan and Shiurei Torah (“measurements of the Torah”), in which he converted archaic halachic measurements into modern terms. Contemporary halachic authorities follow his measurements to this day.

21 Tammuz in History

Rav Shlomo of Karlin (1740 or 1738 -1792). A student of the Maggid of Mezritch, as well as of Rav Aharon the Great of Karlin, whom he succeeded in 1772, he died Kiddush HaShem (sanctifying God), stabbed by a Cossack while in the midst of the Amida prayer.