“Within and without you should coat it (the ark) [with gold]” (Ex 25:11). Rabba says, “It can be inferred from this, that a scholar whose inside is not like his outside is no scholar.”

Yoma Chapter 7

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18 July in History

It was on this day in 1917 a draft of what would become the Balfour Declaration was submitted to Lord Balfour. The declaration, which was a formal statement of policy by the British government, would would state:

“His Majesty’s government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”

The final document was completed on 2 November 1917.

It was today in 1922 that Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.

7 Av in History

After nearly a month of fierce fighting inside Jerusalem, the armies of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia broke through into the Temple compound, where they feasted and vandalized until the afternoon of Av 9, when they set the Holy Temple aflame (423 BCE).