He who has provoked his neighbor, even by words, must appease him, as it is written [Prov. vi. 1, etc.]: “My son, if you have become debtor for your friend,” etc., “go hasten to him and urge your friend,” which means, if you have his money, open your palm, and restore it to him; if not, request some persons to pray him to forgive you.

Yoma Chapter 8


7 September in History

70 CE, On the secular calendar the date on which a Roman army under Titus occupied and plundered Jerusalem.

28 Elul in History

Today marks the passing of Rav Aryeh Carmell (1917-2006) was born in England . At the age of 16, Aryeh was sent to study under Rav Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler and became his talmid muvhak (student par excellance). Rav Carmell began to compile Rav Dessler’s teachings under his guidance. After the war he married, making his home in London. He would spend the morning hours learning with some of London’s leading Rabbis. In the afternoon he would go to his office to work for a few hours, setting aside time every day to organize chessed and outreach activities.

He was among the first to become involved in Jewish outreach over 50 years ago. Following Rav Dessler’s petirah he started Yad Eliyahu in London, where children who studied at public schools were taught ahavas Torah and yiras Shomayim. He published Michtav MeEliyohu, a compilation of Rav Dessler’s teachings. The first three volumes were edited with Rav Alter Halperin and Rav Chaim Friedlander, while Rav Carmell edited the fourth and fifth volumes by himself. He also adapted parts of the work into a book in English called Strive for Truth. He also co-edited Challenge: Torah Views on Science and its Problems and wrote an important booklet called Aid to Talmud Study.

When the wave of Russian aliya began he wrote a book called Masterplan. Based on Rav Shamshon Raphael Hirsch’s Chorev, it also presented reasons behind the commandments. Moving to Eretz Yisrael in 1972, Carmell settled in Jerusalem’s Bayit Vegan neighborhood and helped Rav Boruch Horowitz found Yeshivas Dvar Yerushalayim, Jerusalem’s first yeshiva for baalei teshuvoh returnees to Judaism. He gave lectures on gemora, Jewish perspectives, and ethics.