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Fourteen meals must be eaten in the Sukkaah, one in the morning and one at night (of each day of the festival), according to R. Eleazar.

The sages say it is not fixed by law, except that one must eat in the Sukkah on the first night.

R. Eleazar said again: He who has not eaten on the first night can make amends for it by eating in the booth on the last night of the festival; but according to the sages no amends can be made, and they apply it to the verse [Eccl. i. 15]: “What is crooked cannot be made straight, and that which is defective cannot be numbered.”

Sukkah Chapter 2


12 October in History

In 1957, publication of Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged which, in 2007, will be described as one of the most influential business books ever written.

3 Cheshvan in History

Rav Kalonimus Kalman Shapira, Piasetsna Rebbe, author of Chovas Hatalmidim and Aish Kodesh (1889-1944). His father, Rav Elimelech of Grodzisk, was a direct descendant of the Magid of Kozhnitz and of the “Noam Elimelech” of Lizhensk.

He was named Kalonimus Kalman after his maternal grandfather, the Maor Vashemesh. In 1905, Rav Kalonimus Kalman married Rachel Chaya Miriam, the daughter of Rav Yerachmiel Moshe of Kozhnitz. She helped him prepare his lectures and seforim, even adding pertinent insights of her own.

After the Warsaw Ghetto uprising was crushed in Nissan 1943, Rav Klonimus Kalmish was taken to the Trevaniki work camp near Lublin. Prisoners who were completely “worked out” by exhaustion and starvation were removed and sent to the Treblinka and Rav Klonimus Kalmish met his death there on 4 Cheshvan, 1944.

His writings were preserved in a milk jug with a letter to asking the person who finds the writing to send them to his brother. His writings are now widely published and studied. Copies of his original text reside in Yad VaShem Holocaust Memorial.

In the case of a sick person, he and his nurses are exempt from the dwelling in the Sukkah, but one who is pained (due to insects, or a rancid smell) may only himself stay out, not his helpers.

Sukkah Chapter 2


11 October in History

In 1285, following a false charge that the Jews had purchased a Christian child from an old woman and then killed, a mob in Munich attacked the Jews community. Those who escaped the mob took refuge in the synagogue which the mob then burned killing 180 Jews.

In 1727, George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain. King George II was the monarch who gave “the royal assent” to the Jewish Naturalization Act of 1753.

Unfortunately, the act was repealed a year later.

3 Cheshvan in History

Today marks the passing of Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin (1797-1850). Born to Reb Shalom, the Rebbe of Prohibisht (who was a son of Reb Avraham HaMalach, the son of the Maggid of Mezerich). He was engaged to the Rav of Berditchev at the age of seven; six years later, then married. When Reb Yisrael turned sixteen his older brother, Reb Avraham (who had succeeded their father), was passed away, leaving no children. He was then succeeded by Reb Yisrael.

The Russian Czar intended to build a big church in the Old City of Jerusalem.  Hearing this, Reb Yisrael summoned Reb Nisan Bak who lived in Jerusalem. Reb Nisan arrived there a few days ahead of the Russians and succeeded in buying the plot of land and built a synagogue there. The Czar was forced to buy a different plot of land, known today as the Russian Compound. The synagogue was known as the “Reb Nisan Bak Shul” and stood until 1948 when it was destroyed by the Arabs.

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October 2010