Joel calls the evil inclination the “host of the north,” as it is written [Joel, ii. 20]: “And the host of the north will I remove.” (The expression in Hebrew is Tzephoni, which also signifies the “hidden one,” and they interpret it as the evil spirit which is hidden in the heart of man.)

Sukkah Chapter 5

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19 December in History

In 1882, birthdate of Bronislaw Huberman, the Polish born violinist who founded the Palestine Philharmonic Orchestra in 1936. After the creation of the state of Israel, a year after Huberman’s death, the orchestra would change its name to the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra.

12 Tevet in History

Today marks the passing of Rav Moshe Margulies, author of Pnei Moshe on the Yerushalmi in 1781.