It is written, Psalms, lxv. 14, “The meadows are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered with corn; men shout for joy, they also sing.”

R. Meir thinks (this is the interpretation) of these words: When are the meadows clothed with flocks? At the season when the valleys are covered with corn.
When are the valleys covered with corn? About (the time of) Adar. The flocks conceive in Adar and produce their young in Av; consequently the beginning of the year (for the cattle-tithe) is Elul.

R. Eliezer and R. Simeon, however, say: When are the meadows clothed with flocks? At the season when they shout and sing. When do the ears of corn (seem to) send up a hymn of praise? In Nissan.

Rosh Hashana Chapter 1

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24 February in History

In 1835, today is the birthdate of Sir Julius Vogel, the eighth Premier of New Zealand and the first Jew to hold this position.

20 Adar in History

Today marks the passing of Rav Elimelech of Lizhensk, author of Noam Elimelech, (1717-1787). Learned under the Maggid of Mezritch. Among his students were Rav Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apta, The Chozeh of Lublin, the Maggid of Kozhnitz, and Rav Menachem Mendel of Rimanov.