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The school of Hillel says: The Merciful One inclines (the scale of justice) to the side of mercy, and of this third class of men (who were destined to for purgatory) David says [Psalms, cxvi. 1]: “It is lovely to me that the Lord hears my voice”; in fact, David applies to them the Psalm mentioned down to the words, “You have delivered my soul from death” [ibid. 8].

Rosh Hashana Chapter 1

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22 March in History
In 1929, a month long celebration of the 20th anniversary of the founding of Tel Aviv beings with a Purim Carnival.

16 Adar in History

Agrippa I, appointed by the Roman Emperor to rule over Judea, was pious and kind to his subjects. During his reign, the Jews began to prosper and live comfortably. The Sages of the time accorded him great respect.

Agrippa I started construction to repair, broaden and heighten the walls around Jerusalem. The Romans, wary of the Jews’ rising prosperity, placed many obstacles in his way. Nonetheless, the wall was completed, though the finished product was not as magnificent as originally planned.

The 16th of Adar, the day when the construction commenced, was instituted to be a joyous day.

The school of Shammai said: There are three divisions of mankind at the Resurrection: the wholly righteous, the utterly wicked, and the average class.

The wholly righteous are at once inscribed, and life is decreed for them; the utterly wicked are at once inscribed, and destined for Gehenna, as we read [Dan. xii. 2]: “And many of them that sleep in the dust will awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.”

The third class, the men between the former two, descend to Gehenna, but they weep and come up again, as it says [Zech. xiii. 9]: “And I will bring the third part through the fire, and I will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried; and he will call on My name, and I will answer him.”

Concerning this last class of men Hannah says [I Sam. ii. 6]: “God causes to die and maketh alive, He bringeth down to the grave and bringeth up again.”

Rosh Hashana Chapter 1

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21 March in History

In 1861, a Jew by the name of Guranda who is the Editor of the Ost Deutsche Post was among those whom the city of Vienna has chosen to serve in the Provincial Diet.

15 Adar in History

The battles fought between the Jews and their enemies, which took place on Adar 13 throughout the Persian empire, continued for two days — Adar 13 and 14 — in the capital city of Shushan, where there were a greater number of Jew haters. Thus the victory celebrations in Shushan were held on the 15th of Adar, and the observance of the festival of Purim was instituted for that day in Shushan and all walled cities.

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