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“R. Simeon says: Father and son, and relatives in any degree may be accepted as competent witnesses to give evidence as to the appearance of the new moon. ”

R. Levi said, “What is the reason for R. Simeon’s decree? It is written [Ex. xii. 1]: “And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron saying, This month will be to you,” which means, this evidence shall be acceptable from you (although you are brothers).”

Rosh Hashanah Chapter 1


10 April in History

In 1914, today is the birthdate of Raphael Silverman, the native of Ithaca, NY who gained fame as Raphael Hillyer, the founding violist of the Juilliard String Quartet and a soloist and teacher known for the warmth and expressivity of his tone.

6 Nisan in History

The town of Afula in Northern Israel was founded in this date in 1925. It is located on the presumed site of the tower (“Ophel”) mentioned in the Biblical account of an Aramean general’s visit to the Prophet Elisha (II Kings 5:24).

Afula’s central location in the Jezreel Valley makes it the market center of the region; it is often referred to as “the Capital of the Valley.”

Because of the town’s proximity to Judea and Samaria, it has repeatedly been a target of terrorist attacks following the Oslo “peace process” and during the second Intifada.

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May 2020