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One who has seen the new moon, but is unable to go (to give evidence), must be brought (if unable to walk) mounted on an donkey, or even in a bed.

Persons afraid of an attack by robbers may take sticks with them (even on the Sabbath); and if they have a long way to go, it will be lawful for them to provide themselves with and carry their food.

Whenever (witnesses) must be on the road a day and a night, it will be lawful to violate the Sabbath to travel thereon, to give their evidence as to the appearance of the moon. Since the verse states, [Lev. xxiii. 4]: “These are the feasts of God, the holy convocations, which you will proclaim in their appointed seasons.”

Rosh Hashanah Chapter 1

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12 April in History

In the year 70, according to some, the date on the civil calendar when Pesach is observed for the last time before the destruction of the Second Temple.

8 Nisan in History

The grand 180-day feast hosted by King Achashverosh came to an end on this day.

Achasverosh miscalculated the start date of Jeremiah’s prophecy which promised the rebuilding of the Holy Temple after 70 years of Babylonian exile. When, according to his calculations, the seventy years had passed and the Jews were not redeemed, he orchestrated this grand party to celebrate the “demise” of the Chosen Nation. During the course of the party he brazenly displayed many of the vessels looted from the Holy Temple by the Babylonian armies.

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