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R. Johanan said, “There were three crowns present on the vessels in the Temple: the altar, the ark, and the table. The altar’s crown was called “the Crown of Priesthood;” Aaron received. The table’s crown was known as “the Crown of Royalty,” David received. The crown of the ark was called “the Crown of Learning.” It is yet to be bestowed.

Should one think that it is not valuable? Therefore it is written [Prov. viii. 15]; “Through me (this crown, represented by Torah) do kings reign.”

Yoma Chapter 7


13 July in History

In 1815, Future President John Q. Adams wrote in a letter, ‘The Hebrews have done more to civilize men than any other nation. If I were an atheist, I should still believe fate had ordained the Jews to be the most essential instrument for civilizing the nations.’

2 Av in History

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rav Aharon Tumim (1630-1690). A rav in Prague from 1659 to 1672, Rav Aharon became Rosh Yeshiva in Worms in 1672. He wrote Mateh Aharon on the Hagadah. In 1687, he accepted a psotion of Rav of Krakow, but because of political circumstances, he delayed his departure until 1690. Shortly after he left Worms, the city was destroyed by the troops of King Louis XIV. He served in Krakow four months before a Polish nobleman had him arrested; he died as a result of torture.

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May 2020