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Mishnah:
If one builds a Sukkah on the top of a wagon, or on a boat, it is valid, and may be used on the festival.

Gemarah:
This Mishnah is in accordance with the opinion of R. Akiva only, as is recorded in a Baraitah:

If a Sukkah was made on a ship, Rabban Gamaliel says it is invalid, and R. Akiva says it valid. It happened once that Rabban Gamaliel and R. Akiva were on a ship, and R. Akiva constructed a Sukkah on the ship.

The next day, a wind blew it off. Rabban Gamaliel said to him: Akiva, where is your Sukkah?

Sukkah Chapter 2

~~~

28 September in History

In 1850, the United States Navy abolished flogging as a form of punishment. One of America’s early Jewish naval officers played a key role in this change. Uriah Phillips Levy had abolished flogging aboard his ship back in the 1830’s, an action that led to his court martial. However, the decision was overturned by President Tyler and he was reinstated.

Levy commanded the Mediterranean Squadron of the U.S. Navy and reached the rank of Commodore (in the old Navy, this was rank just below Admiral). Levy passed away in 1862.

Parenthetically, Levy was an in awe of President Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, and Monticello, Jefferson’s estate was inherited by his eldest daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph. Financial difficulties led to Martha selling Monticello to James T. Barclay, a local apothecary, in 1831. Barclay sold it in 1834 to Levy. During the American Civil War, the house was seized by the Confederate government and sold, though Uriah Levy’sestate recovered it after the war.

The Levy family maintained Monticello until it was turned over the Jefferson Memorial Associate in the 1920’s.

20 Tishrei in History

Today marks the passing of Rav Eliezer Papo, author of Peleh Yoetz and Damesek Eliezer (1785-1828). Born in Sarajevo, he led the community of Selestria, Bulgaria, and died early at the age of 41.

He is considered the exemplary spokesman of the Sephardic musar tradition of the eighteenth century.

He promised in his will that, “Whoever comes to my grave in purity after immersing in a mikveh, and prays with a broken heart, I guarantee him that his prayer will be accepted.” As such, his kever in Silestra, Bulgaria, is the destination of hundreds of visitors annually.

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