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Rav said, “For four things the property of householders becomes destroyed:

1.  When they keep workers, and do not pay them in time;

2.  For denying the wages due to a hired worker;

3.  When people remove a responsibility from themselves and pass it off to someone else;

4.  For arrogance.

Arrogance is the worst of all.

Of the modest it is written [Ps. xxxvii. 11]: “But the modes will inherit the land, and will delight themselves because of the abundance of peace.”

Sukkah Chapter 2



1.  What do these 4 items have to do with each other?

2.  Is the punishment a result of the behavior or a direct punishment?



24 October in History

The Five Academies comprising the Institute of France held their annual meeting today. Among the presenters was M. Holely of the Academy of Fine Arts, composer of the “Wandering Jew” who read “an interminable discourse on Frohberger, a German organist whom no ever heard of, and whom the writer himself acknowledge was snuffed out by Handel.


17 Cheshvan 5771

The rains began to fall on the 17th of Cheshvan of the year 1656 from creation (2105), flooding the earth and rising above the highest mountains. Only Noah and his family survived, in the ark built to that end by Divine command, and a pair of each animal species, who entered with him into the ark.

During the seven days of the Sukkot one must use the Sukkah as the regular living space, and the house only as an occasional.

If it rains, when is he permitted to leave the Sukkah? When the soup becomes spoiled.

The sages explain this by a comparison: It is as if a servant presented a goblet to his master, who throws a bowl of water full in his face.



Why is the Sukkah compared to a goblet?


24 October in History

In 1936, Bronislaw Huberman, founder of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra told the Times he had just conferred with Arturo Toscanini on arrangements for the opening concert of the PSO which will be conducted by Toscanini. The symphony has seventy members most of whom are refugees from various European countries where they were leading performers. The concert is schedule for December and is the first of a series of scheduled performances.


16 Cheshvan in History

Today marks the passing of Rav (Reb) Shlomo Carlebach (1925-1994), the foremost Jewish songwriter in the 2nd half of the 20th century, who used his music to inspire Jews around the world. Over his 69 years, he lived in Manhattan, San Francisco, Toronto and Moshav Or Modiin, Israel. In a recording career that stretched over 30 years, Reb Shlomo sang his songs on more than 25 albums. Shlomo Carlebach was born in Berlin, where his father, Naftali, was an Orthodox leader. The family, which fled the Nazis in 1933, lived in Switzerland before coming to New York in 1939. His father became the rabbi of a small synagogue on West 79th Street, Congregation Kehlilath Jacob; Shlomo Carlebach and his twin brother, Eli Chaim, took over the synagogue after their father’s death in 1967.

He studied at the Yeshiva Torah Vodaath in Brooklyn and at the Bais Medrash Gavoah in Lakewood, N.J. From 1951 to 1954, he worked as a traveling emissary of the Grand Rabbi of Lubavitch, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson. His singing career began in Greenwich Village, where he met Bob Dylan and other folk singers, and moved to Berkeley for the 1966 Folk Festival. After his appearance, he decided to remain in the Bay Area to reach out to what he called “lost Jewish souls,” runaways and drug addicted youths.

He said, “A Niggun (song) can take you from where you are, to where you want to be.”


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November 2020