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“When the dew fell in the morning” (Num.)
“The nation went out and gathered” (Ex.)
“The nation wondered, looking to gather (Num. 11)

How to interpret these three verses?

For the righteous, the Manna fell by their door. For the average, it fell nearby and they would collect it. For the wicked, they had to scavage to find their food.

Yoma Chapter 8


9 August in History

In 1933, in Vilna, Chamber of Commerce unanimously votes to proclaim a boycott against German goods in protest against the Nazi treatment of the Jews.

In 1938, in article entitled “Children Go to Palestine,” the New York Times reports on the migration of 167 Jewish children from Austria and Germany to Palestine. The youngsters are part of the Third Aliyah and are being settled at Ain Harod and Kfar Jecheskiel.

29 Av in History

In Vilna, Chamber of Commerce unanimously votes to proclaim a boycott against German goods in protest against the Nazi treatment of the Jews.

In Exodus the Manna is described as, “bread from heaven “; and in Numbers, “made cakes of it “; and elsewhere in Numbers “[the people] ground it.”

How can these be reconciled?

For the righteous, there was bread ready; as for the rest, they made cakes of the flour; and the wicked had to grind it.

Yoma Chapter 8


29 July in History

In 1942, Rav Shlomo Chanoch Rabinowitz, the 4th and last Rebbe of Radomsk, perished with his family in the Warsaw Ghetto. He was known for the network of Yeshivos Keser Torah he had established throughout Poland and Galicia. The Radomsker Chassidim during the period between the two World Wars, were counted among the three largest Chassidic movements in Poland.

18 Av in History

In 1881, the first ships containing large numbers of Russian Jews arrived in New York following pogroms in Russia. This was the beginning of mass immigration to the U.S. during that would change the face of the American Jewish Community. The great waves of immigration would slow with World War I and come to a halt during the 1920’s when an isolationism, nativism and racism closed the doors of America to most immigrants.

R. Samuel b. Na’hmain in the name of R. Jonathan finds a contradiction of the following two verses: ‘The precepts of the God are upright, rejoicing the heart,'(Ps. xix. 9) and ‘The word of God refines (ibid. xviii. 31).’ In one place the word of God makes a person rejoice, in the other the word of God refines a person.

This can be answered as follows: If he has merited, it makes him rejoice; otherwise, it refines him.

Yoma Chapter 7


26 July in History

In 1605, a Jesuit Missionary traveling though China wrote a letter describing his meetings with Ai T’ien, a Chinese Jewish teacher. Most of what we know regarding the Kaifeng Jewish community is from this correspondence. The community was known by their Han Chinese neighbors as adherents of Tiaojinjiao (挑筋教), meaning, loosely, the religion which removes the sinew, a reference to the dietary restriction which prohibits eating the sciatic nerve.

15 Av in History

In wake of the incident of the “Spies,” in which the generation that came out of Egypt under Moses’ leadership demonstrated their unpreparedness for the task of conquering and settling the Holy Land, God decreed that entire generation would die out in the desert. After 38 years of wandering through the wilderness the dying finally ended, and a new generation of Jews stood ready to enter the Holy Land. It was the 15th of Av of the year 2487 from creation (1274 BCE).

Today is famous for many other events, such as in ancient Israel, it was the custom that on the 15th of Av “the daughters of Jerusalem would go out in borrowed linen garments (so as not to embarrass those without beautiful clothes of their own)… and dance in the vineyards” and “whoever did not have a wife would go there” to find himself a bride (Talmud, Taanit 31a).

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November 2020