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Haftara

So says God:

The gate to the inner court which faces east,
will be closed for the six working days,
but open on the Sabbath, and on the New Moon.

The Prince will come through this gate,
and stand by the door posts.
The priests will bring his elevation offering and peace offering.
He will worship at the threshold of this gate;
the gate will not be closed until evening.

The common people will come to the opening of this gate,
and worship,
on the Sabbaths and New Moons,
before God.

Yechezkel 46:1-3

~~~
11 June in History

In 1954, Archeologist Yigael Yadin sent a telegraph to Teddy Kollek stating that four Dead Sea Scrolls, including the Book of Isaiah, had been brought to the United States and were being offered for sale. Yadin said they could be purchased for $250,000, what he considered a paltry sum for so great a treasure. He said that he could raise the money from private sources but that it would take a year. He pleaded with Kollek to get the Israeli government to provide the funds immediately. Prime Minister Sharett agreed and authorized the Minister of Finance to provide the funds. Thanks to the quick action, this national treasure was secured for Israel.

12 June in History

In 1867, following its defeat by Prussia, Austria reorganizes itself into the Austro-Hungarian Empire and grants legal equality to Jews living with the new constituent states.

29 Sivan in History

In 1312, the 12 spies were sent by Moses to tour the Holy Land before the Jewish people were to enter it.

30 Sivan

Rav Shlomo Kluger (1783-1869), author of Sefer HaChaim (a commentary on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim), and Chochmat Shlomo. Rav Kluger was born to Rav Yehuda Aharon, rabbi of Komarow. Rav Yehuda Aharon was a sickly man who died before age 40, leaving his son a homeless orphan.

One day, R’ Yaakov Kranz (the “Dubno Maggid”) met the young boy wandering the streets of Zamosc, Poland, and he took him in. The Dubno Maggid arranged teachers for his charge, including R’ Mordechai Rabin, rabbi of Zamosc, and R’ Yosef Hochgelernter.

A prolific author and posek, he wrote of himself that he had authored “115 large works on Tanach and the entire Talmud, and commentaries on the early and later poskim.” This statement was written in 1844, 25 years before his death. Ha’eleph Lecha Shlomo, his best-known work of halachic responsa, has 1,008 chapters. He also authored Imrei Shefer on Chumash. Rav Kluger served as Head of the Rabbinical Court, Rosh Beit Din in Grodi, Galicia, and Rav in Broide.

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Aggadah

Thoughts of sin are more damaging then the sin itself. What represents this? The smell of meat.

Rashi: It is difficult for one who smells roasting meat; he desires it very greatly.

Yoma Chapter 3

~~~

27 May in History

Birthdate of Teddy Kollek (1911), mayor of Jerusalem from 1965 till 1993. Born Theodor Kollek to a Jewish family in Nagyvaszony near Budapest, Austria-Hungary, and named after Theodor Herzl, Kollek shared his father Alfred’s enthusiasm for Zionist ideas. He grew up in Vienna. In 1935, three years before the Nazis seized power in Austria, the Kollek family immigrated to Palestine — this was still the time of the British Mandate. Kollek was eager to help build a new society and, in 1937, was one of the co-founders of Kibbutz Ein Gev near Lake Galilee.

During the Second World War, Kollek tried to represent Jewish interests in Europe on behalf of the Haganah. At the outbreak of the war he succeeded in persuading Adolf Eichmann to release 3,000 young Jewish concentration camp inmates and transfer them to England.

Kollek became a close ally of David Ben-Gurion; working for the latter’s government from 1952 till 1965. n 1965 Teddy Kollek succeeded Mordechai Ish Shalom as Mayor of Jerusalem. He served six terms of office — a total of 28 years, being re-elected in 1969, 1973, 1978, 1983, and 1989.

It has generally been agreed that during his tenure Jerusalem was turned into a modern city, especially after its reunification in 1967. In 1993 Kollek, aged 82, again ran for Mayor but was defeated by Likud candidate Ehud Olmert who went on to become Prime Minister in 2006.

14 Sivan in History

Rav Chaim of Volozhin (1749-1821). The most prominent student of the Vilna Gaon, Rav Chaim established the Volozhin yeshiva in 1803, which was to become the classic model of Lithuanian yeshiva. His most famous work was Nefesh Hachaim, in which he emphasizes the power of Torah study and fulfillment of mitzvos to bring a Jew close to God. He also authored Ruach Chaim, a commentary on Pirke Avos, and Nishmas Chaim, a collection of responsa.

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